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(Stephen Patrick) Morrissey's solo career began as The Smiths came crashing to a halt.

His solo career was filled with angst-ridden songs that built a loyal, if select fan base, among the college/Alt. Rock audience. While Morrissey's voice had a dark, moody edge, his solo sound was not as effective as The Smiths, largely because there was no Johnny Marr around.

'08 was notable for what didn't happen. First, "Years Of Refusal" couldn't find a U.S. distributor. This was kind of odd since it was the follow-up to '06's "Ringleader Of The Tormentors" which had been #1 in the U.K. Also, "Years Of Refusal" was produced by Jerry Finn (his last album before passing away) who had also been at the controls for the successful '04 set "You Are The Quarry." Eventually, "Years Of Refusal," with the lead single "I'm Throwing My Arms Around Paris," came out on the Lost Highway label in the States but that didn't happen until March, '09.

Morrissey's '07/'08 "Greatest Hits" tour yielded enough material for a DVD. However, Morrissey was not pleased with the end product and implored fans not to buy it when it came out. It was eventually shelved. But remastered versions of '95's "Southpaw Grammar" and '97's "Maladjusted" were released before "Years Of Refusal" arrived.

"Years Of Refusal" finally garnered worldwide release, through Universal Music Group. The set went to #3 in the U.K. and #11 in the U.S. Critics praised the album as Morrissey embarked on an extensive supporting tour.

He also made Rolling Stone magazine's list of "The 100 Greatest Singers of All Time." He placed 92nd - coming in a slot ahead of Annie Lennox (Eurythmics).

Five years later, Morrissey was diagnosed with a bleeding ulcer and just months later he suffered pneumonia in both lungs. Most of his scheduled tour appearances that year were cancelled including a South American trek. However, that was due to a "lack of funding." Morrissey claimed it was "the last of many final straws."

That same year Morrissey's "Autobiography" was published. Of course, there had been a "content dispute" which had delayed its release. Morrissey had written it in '11.

Praised in some quarters but called "droning narcissism" by The Independent, the book debuted atop the U.K. book chart.

Back in the studio, Morrissey recorded his 10th solo album, "World Peace Is None of Your Business." His tour was again abbreviated due to failing health. It was later disclosed that he had received treatment for Barrett's esophageal cancer, where the tissue lining the esophagus is replaced by abnormal, precancerous tissue.

What was likely an attempt to pursue a second career, Morrissey's first novel, List Of The Lost, published in '15, just about finished it. The story about a '70s relay team in Boston who accidentally kill a demon, which then curses the team, was universally panned even "winning" an award for bad writing. Time to get back to music.

Having worked for, with and against a number of labels in recent years, Morrissey opted to issue "Low In High School" on his own Etienne imprint. Recorded in France and Italy, several retailers reportedly refused to stock the album due to its cover art which showed a teen wearing a Morrissey t-shirt at the gates of Buckingham Palace carrying an axe in one hand and holding a sign that read "Axe The Monarchy" in the other.

Morrissey Discography

Morrissey Albums:

1988 Viva Hate
1991 Kill Uncle
1992 Your Arsenal
1994 Vauxhall and I
1995 Southpaw Grammar
1997 Maladjusted
2004 You Are The Quarry
2006 Ringleader Of The Tormentors
2009 Years Of Refusal
2014 World Peace Is None Of Your Business
2017 Low In High School

Morrissey's Best Tracks

Last of the International Playboys
Certain People I Know
The More You Ignore Me, The Closer I Get
Everyday Is Like Sunday
November Spawned A Monster
I'm Throwing My Arms Around Paris
Sorry Doesn't Help

"Viva Hate" Morrissey's solo debut turns out to be his best total effort. It contains two classic Morrissey songs, the somber "Everyday Is Like Sunday" and "Suedehead." A number of singles released in the late '80s are compiled on "Bona Drag." The album includes "November Spawned a Monster."

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